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Partial

PARTIALS (REMOVABLE)

A Partial is a removable appliance that replaces missing teeth. It is held in place by your existing teeth. It is important that these teeth be healthy to support your partial; often they may need treatment prior to making the partial.

Why have a partial made: A partial can restore esthetics and function to your mouth. Since you lost some teeth you may find it more difficult to chew as well as you need to. The partial can give you back much of this function, though not as much as natural teeth. A partial can also help stabilize your remaining teeth. This stabilization can minimize tooth drift, bite changes, and periodontal problems. It will take you some time to get used to your new partial. Eating and speaking will seem awkward at first but with time you will learn how to use your partial. Each person is different in how fast they adapt, but eventually adaptation will occur.

Partial Base
Partials are made a pink gum color. Sometimes, however, they may have metal palate that fits into the roof of your mouth for extra strength. This is made of a lightweight alloy called chrome cobalt. This is extremely strong and helps to prevent cracks in the Partial.
Getting Used To Your Removable Partial
It will take a bit of time to get use to your new Partial, particularly if it’s your first. They should, however, become comfortable and functional with time. Make an appointment as soon as you develop any sores, change in fit, or any other problem you would like us to address.

Speaking: at first you will have some difficulty with speaking, and this is to be expected. Some people describe this as trying to talk with a “mouth full of marbles”. Be patient; you will quickly adapt with practice and soon you will find you cannot speak properly without your Partial. There is no way to predict how long this will take, each patient adapts at a different rate.

Eating: eating takes practice as well. The important thing to remember is that you do not chew with your Partial as you did when you had teeth. Natural teeth chew in an up and down motion. Partial teeth, on the other hand, use a side to side motion to mash down the food. Always cut your food into small pieces for more effective Partial chewing. It is unpredictable how well you will adapt to eating. Some patients chew just about anything whereas others find they are limited in how well they can chew. Improvement comes with practice, time, and a bit of patience.
Give Them A Break
Yes, you can wear your Partials at night, but it is preferred that they be removed. You should remove your Partials at night, and this will give your gums and bone a chance to relax from the pressure of the Partial during the day.
Partial Fit
Good quality control is critical to ensure the Partial fits and looks natural in the patient's mouth. No two Partials will be alike; even two sets of Partials made for the same person will not be exactly alike because they are manufactured in custom molds that must be broken to extract the Partial. After the molding process is completed, the fine details of the Partial are added by hand. This step is necessary to ensure the teeth look natural and fit properly.
Caring For Your Partial or Partial
What's the best way to care for removable Partials? Answer From Thomas J. Salinas, D.D.S.

Removable partial or full Partials require proper care to keep them clean, free from stains and looking their best. For good Partial care:

• Remove and rinse Partials after eating. Run water over your Partials to remove food debris and other loose particles. You may want to place a towel on the counter or in the sink or put some water in the sink so the Partials won't break if you drop them.
• Handle your Partials carefully. Be sure you don't bend or damage the plastic or the clasps when cleaning.
• Clean your mouth after removing your Partials. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush on natural teeth and gauze or a soft toothbrush to clean your tongue, cheeks and roof of your mouth (palate). If used, remove any remaining Partial adhesive from your gums.
• Brush your Partials at least daily. Remove and gently clean your Partials daily. Soak and brush them with a soft-bristled brush and nonabrasive Partial cleanser to remove food, plaque and other deposits. If you use Partial adhesive, clean the grooves that fit against your gums to remove any remaining adhesive. Don't use Partial cleansers inside your mouth.
• Soak Partials overnight. Most types of Partials need to stay moist to keep their shape. Place the Partials in water or a mild Partial-soaking solution overnight. Check with your dentist about properly storing your Partials overnight. Follow the manufacturer's instructions on cleaning and soaking solutions.
• Rinse Partials thoroughly before putting them back in your mouth, especially if using a Partial-soaking solution. These solutions can contain harmful chemicals that cause vomiting, pain or burns if swallowed.
• Schedule regular dental checkups. Your dentist will recommend how often to visit to have your Partials examined and professionally cleaned. Your dentist can help ensure a proper fit to prevent slippage and discomfort, and also check the inside of your mouth to make sure it's healthy.
• See your dentist if you have a loose fit. See your dentist promptly if your Partials become loose. Loose Partials can cause irritation, sores and infection.

You typically should avoid:

• Abrasive cleaning materials. Avoid stiff-bristled brushes, strong cleansers and harsh toothpaste, as these are too abrasive and can damage your Partials.
• Whitening toothpastes. Toothpastes advertised as whitening pastes often contain peroxide, which does little to change the color of Partial teeth.
• Bleach-containing products. Don't use any bleaching products because these can weaken Partials and change their color. Don't soak Partials with metal attachments in solutions that contain chlorine because it can tarnish and corrode the metal.
• Hot water. Avoid hot or boiling water that could warp your Partials.
Bone Loss
Partials and Partials can accelerate bone loss by wearing away at the ridges of bone they are placed on. Every time you bite down or clench your teeth you are placing pressure on the ridge, resulting in its resorption. This is a primary cause of continual problems getting Partials to fit, or sore spots and difficult or painful chewing.

After years of wearing Partials or partials, your jawbone shrinks. When there isn't enough jawbone density to support your facial muscles, your face begins to sag and have a shriveled appearance. The best way a Partial wearer can prevent facial collapse is to support the Partials with dental implants.

Preventing Bone Loss

Bone loss can be prevented by giving the jawbone a replacement tooth with a root that can exert the same or similar pressure as natural teeth. This is done immediately after extraction by replacing single teeth with dental implants, or by using a fixed implant-supported bridge or Partial.

A single-tooth implant or a dental bridge with three to four teeth supported by two implants provide a chewing power of 99% of natural bite force.